Gate Driver Optocouplers in Induction Cooker (1)

What is Induction Cooking?
We start by first comparing the difference between conventional gas cooking and induction cooking. In induction cooking methods, energy is transferred directly to the pot or pan while conventional cooking first generate a fire and heat energy which is then transferred to the cooking pot. Hence due to this two step energy transfer of conventional cooking, the efficiency of the induction cooking is much better.

Figure 1 & 2 shows two circuit topologies for induction cooker, the half-bridge series resonant converter Figure 1 and quasi-resonant converter Figure 2 [2]. In both topologies, there exist the resonant elements Lr and Cr. For circuit simplification, the load pot, R is assumed to be of pure resistive element. In both topologies, an ac input supply of 220V 50Hz is converted into an uncontrolled dc voltage by a full-bridge rectifier. This DC voltage is then converted into a high frequency AC voltage by the inverter IGBT (insulated gate bipolar transistors) switches, S1 and S2 in the case of the half-bridge circuit, which can be controlled using a micro-controller. Due to the high frequency switching AC, the element coil will then produce a high frequency electromagnetic field which will penetrate the ferrous material cooking pot. From Faraday’s Law and skin effect, this generates eddy current within the cooking pot which then generates heat to cook the food inside the pot.

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